A recurring theme in the scientific world is academic plagiarism.
In this article, you will understand:
- What is academic plagiarism;
- What are its modalities;
- What are its implications;
And most importantly, how should you check it and avoid it so that it does not generate negative consequences in your academic career or affect the reputation of your event.
What is academic plagiarism?
According to Ferreira (1999), plagiarism is to sign or represent as his own the artistic or scientific work of another, it is to imitate the work of others.
For Moraes (2004, p. 95), plagiarism is a fraudulent imitation of a work, protected by copyright law, and a real violation of the author’s moral rights occurs: both the paternity and the integrity of his creation.
In other words, academic plagiarism is any copy, be it partial or total, of some existing content, without the due credits being given to the author.
Technology, the contact between researchers and the ease of access to the scientific magazines provided a greater exchange of information. But it was also these factors that favored practices such as the “stealing” of ideas.
Types of plagiarism
There are several ways to commit plagiarism. Among the most recurring practices, we can highlight:
1 – Integral Plagiarism
It is to copy, word for word, without making changes, a work or a part of it and not to present the original source of the text.
2 – Paraphrase without assigning the source
Paraphrasing (ie speaking the same thing as in other words) most of a text’s ideas, without adding its own content, is also plagiarism.
Paraphrases are widely used by students. Generally, a few words from the original text are changed in an attempt to make identification difficult by the evaluator, but the idea of the text is preserved.
3 – Research data (quantitative and qualitative) without mentioning the source
It is plagiarism to present data from institutions, such as IBGE, WHO, or that have been verified by other researchers and “forget them” to mention in the text or attribute them as their own.
A common practice that we often do without realizing is to put:
“Today, 70 million people in the world suffer from X disease.”
But who said that? Did you get the information or was it in a book, website or in a survey released by a large organ? You have to assign the source! EVER!
4 – Mosaic of plagiarism
It is copying snippets from various sources, forming a mosaic, but altering small sentences or words to disguise the copy.
It is to take, for example, small excerpts from various monographs, from very or little known authors, and unite them as if they were new content and yours.
5 – Thief of himself
It happens when you yourself borrow your own content, which has already been presented in previous situations.
You can, for example, have it presented in the first period of college and now reuses it also in the fifth. Or take advantage of TCC excerpts for graduate school.
6 – Copy of images, photographs, graphics, drawings and other visual contents
You find a table in a book that greatly simplifies what you want to explain. Then scan the image, putting it in your work. All right, right? Wrong! You also need to assign credits for visual content
7 – Sources that do not exist
It is very common in ENEM essays. In this case, the person invents a citation and assigns it to any source, of influence in the history or in a specific social area, for example.
What is the implication of plagiarism in practice?
In practice, plagiarism causes problems both for the institution that published the plagiarized work and for the researcher who committed the act.
So, you need to be very careful when evaluating the work submitted to your event.
Choosing a good appraiser, who is careful and has experience in the field, makes all the difference in plagiarism.
It is common for evaluators to recognize plagiarisms immediately, after all, is something they get with practice.
Teachers also often know the writing style of their students and can tell when that text was written by them or not.
In the academic world, the reputation of a researcher counts a lot. Committing plagiarism means violating copyright law.
Therefore, plagiarism is a crime and the author must respond judicially for the illegal copy of the work of another.
The judiciary uses forms to prevent this type of authoritarian appropriation. It may even void the diploma of the person responsible for plagiarism.
In addition to being dishonest and reproachful, the person committing plagiarism may have the submission and approval of papers at congresses, symposia and other academic events prejudiced. It’s natural: no one wants to receive a researcher who has a history of plagiarism in the curriculum at your event.
After all, the institutions responsible for publishing such works, whether through publishers or journals, become known for “letting go” of such fraud and lose their authority.
But was it always like this?
Plagiarism in scientific and academic productions already existed in the pre-Google era, but in a more discreet way.
The difficulty of access to information made it more complicated to use the ideas of others and to identify the illegal copies by the evaluators.
With most of the printed content being transferred to the digital platforms, researchers were able to access content that was previously little known and hard to find.